Cape Breton's Magazine

> Issue 46 > Page 55 - Cape Breton Miners Speaking, 1888

Page 55 - Cape Breton Miners Speaking, 1888

Published by Ronald Caplan on 1987/8/1 (836 reads)

Q. Look at this paper (memorandum handed to wit? ness). That is the statement of your account for the month of July, 1887? A. Yes. Q. You cut 66 tons and a half of coal? A. Yes. Q. For which you are credited $33.53. A. Yes. Q. And you cut 2 cu? bic yards for which you were credited $1.60? A. Yes. Q. Making a total of $35.13? A. Yes. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Total amount earned $11.62 22.51 27.87 38.57 35.13 33.94 40.67 35.38 26.55 14.58 Rent $1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 Coal $0.50 0.25 0.55 0.38 0.25 0.25 0.38 0.38 0.37 0.63 Powder $0.36 1.80 1.26 2.80 3.24 2.60 2.52 1.44 2.16 0.36 Oil $0.00 0.50 0.50 0.80 0.80 0.90 0.80 0.80 0.60 0.40 School $0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 Doctor $0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 040 0.40 Tally $0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 Q. Against this you were charged rent $1.50, coal 25'? A. Yes. Q. How much coal did you receive for that? A. About 2 loads. Q. You are charged for the hauling and not for the coal? A. I think so. Q. You are charged with oil 80i? A. Yes. Q. Did you use that amount of oil in one month? A. I think so. Q. You are charged with powder $3.24? A. Yes. Q. Was that one month's supply of powder? A. I am not sure; I have had less than that some months. Q. Have you ever had as much as that? A. I can't say. Q. You are charged for school 15(t? A. Yes. Q. For doctor 40(t? A. Yes. Q. For tally 30(t? A. Yes. Q. That is for the man the miners employ to watch the tally? A. Yes. Q. You are charged for store ac? count $28.49? A. Yes. Q. Would you run that much every month? A. No. .Q. This would probably include some book account? A. Yes. Q. So the credits and the debits for the month ex? actly balance, each making $35.13? A. Yes. Q. You received that month no cash? A. No. Q. Is it gener? ally the case that at the end of the month no cash is coming to you? A. On many occasions. Q. Do you get all your family supplies at the store? A. Most of them. Q. Are the boys who work in the mine generally a- ble to read and write? A. I cannot say that they all are. Q. What is the age of the youngest boy working in the mine? A. I don't know that there is any younger than 12. Q. Do you think the boys are well treated? A. Yes; so far as I know. Q. You have not seen any of them beaten? A. No; nor heard of them being beaten. Duncan Mclntyre, Caledonia Mine, sworn: Q. About how many men are employed there (the Cal? edonia Mine) altogether? A. In surraner I think there are as high as 80 pairs--that would be 160 miners. Q. How many boys and laborers do they em? ploy? A. Perhaps about 20 boys. Q. And laborers, how many of them do they employ? A. ...I would say 30 at some times and 20 at other times. Perhaps they would have an average of 25. Q. How many hours a day do you work? A. It is very hard-to say; the men are their own masters, and they come up when they like. They are generally on the bank ready with their tools at 6 o'clock in the morning, but it may be 7 when they go down. Q. About what time do you come up? A. From half-past 2 until half-past 5 or 6. Q. Will the average be as late as 4 o'clock? A. It will average as late as a quarter past 4. . EASTERN HEAT PUMPS LIMITED 102 REEVES STREET, SYDNEY 564-4141 Air Source - Water Source Residential and Commercial Heat Pumps and Air Conditioning Systems ?? DESIGN - ENGINEERING - INSTALLATION - SERVICE - FEATURING CARRIER HIGH-EFFICIENCY HEATING AND COOLING EQUIPMENT Island Crafts The Talent of Cape Breton Knitters Is but One Example of Excellence at Island Crafts Old-Fashioned Charm Is Our Trademark VISIT OUR STORE AND SEE THE KALEIDOSCOPE OF TREASURES Handknit Fishermen's Sweaters - Kitchen Accessories Designer IVIohair Sweaters - Hand Carved Clan Crests Hats & Scarves for Every Age Group - Cookbooks Intricate Designs in Pottery - Hand Appliqued Quilts Ruffled Cushions - Wide Selection of Baby Items The Mad Potters Collection - Boats in Bottles A Good Selection of Local Literature The list is endless! Treat vourself to ISLAND CRAFTS. I Wholesale: full line of souvenirs | The Focus of Your Visit to Cape Breton, in Downtown Sydney OPEN YEAR ROUND: MONDAY TO SATURDAY, 9 TO 5; FRIDAY, 9 TO 9 539-6474 329 Charlotte Street, Sydney 564-5527 'ft a project of Cape Breton Development Corporation (55)
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