Cape Breton's Magazine

> Issue 67 > Page 43 - A Geology Walk up the Clyburn Valley

Page 43 - A Geology Walk up the Clyburn Valley

Published by Ronald Caplan on 1994/8/1 (271 reads)

the conditions were very buoyant at that time. This kind of rock forms in a subdue- tion zone. Today these zones would be found as island arcs around the western Pacific or in the Caribbean. At surface they would be volcanic. But deep down below the volcanoes are the magma chambers that are feeding the volcanoes. And if the subduction zone ceases--if one plate stops diving down underneath another plate--then these magma chambers get trapped down there without ever get? ting to the surface to erupt as vol? canoes . And the kind of rock that crystallizes is a diorite, like these black-and-white speckled rocks that we have here. And this is one of the characteris? tics of the Bras d'Or terrane, is a series of later Precambrian diorites and tonalites, approximately 555 million years old. Dr. Rob Raeside stands beside the opening of what is apparentiy an adit for the gold mine that was worked in the Clyburn Valley circa 1913. The boulder serves as a kind of roof, and the face of it has been worked to a flat surface. The handmade entrance is obvious. 565 And they've been brought to the surface very, very quickly. When a subduction zone is stopped, when the one plate stopped diving underneath the other one, the equi? librium was re-established. And instead of the suction force as one was being pulled down underneath, the whole thing bounced back up to the surface again--very, very quickly. And we're left with these latest Precambrian rocks, as fossil remains of the ancient subduction zone. old fields which seem to have been nestled in a little embayment behind the alluvial fan. As we go down the slope, we cross two or three more of these distributary chan? nels. This next one apparently was active last winter. I don't remember this one be? ing active when I was working here 5 years ago. But this channel has obviously just been used by Franey Brook. You can see leaves in it which were piled up by this spring's floods. There was water flowing on the surface there, this last spring. As we go on now, having crossed Franey Brook, we'll go down the upstream side of the alluvial fan, and we will cross some COMMERCIAL G.Landry's "'''"' Vacuum Service Ltd. I SEPTIC SYSTEMS CLEANED INSTALLED* REPAIRED BACKHOE BULLDOZER RENTAL PORTABLE TOILET RENTAL & SERVICE Front Lake Rd. Sydney 564-8413 ?? / SERVING ALL OF CAPE BRETON ' PIONEER READY-MIX LIMITED SERVING CAPE BRETON • READY MIX CONCRETE • CONCRETE SEPTIC TANKS • PATIO BLOCKS PRIME BROOK, SYDNEY 539-5217 (Rob is looking at three different kinds MICROWAVES Don's TV & VCR Repair I , Warranty Depot for RCA, GE, Sanyo MTC, Magnasonic, Samsung REPAIR TO MOST OTHER MAKES • PHONE/FAX: 902-562-2366 • CONVERTERS llllHIIII fl'.krt'.' MfWaWw'., Specialists in FREE ESTIMATES Phone:539-4111 • No structural changes No more painting • Clean from inside 4Mefut' 'itftmUuuH 341 Welton St., Sydney SERVING ALL OF CAPE BRETON PRODUCTS LTD. BATTERED WOMEN and your children if you need help: 539-2945 TRANSITION HOUSE
Cape Breton's Magazine
  View this article in PDF format Print article

Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to the PDF version of this content. Click here to download and install the Acrobat plugin
Acrobat Reader Download